The rise of xenophobic nationalism and intolerance has many roots, but a failed economic model is among them. On both sides of the Atlantic, economic policy over the last three decades has been based on an unwarranted faith that society would benefit from the unregulated pursuit of profits and private gain. The result has been financial insecurity, stagnant or declining living standards, climate change and the erosion of community. Lacking a convincing account of how a failed economic model was at work, the response among many has been economic nationalism and hostility towards “outsiders.’’
In this SFI Community Lecture, economists Wendy Carlin and Samuel Bowles discuss two emblematic cases of this process – Trump and Brexit — and outline a new economic paradigm as the basis for a more sustainable and just global future.
Samuel Bowles is Professor at the Santa Fe Institute, where he heads the Behavioral Sciences Program. His studies on cultural and genetic evolution have challenged the conventional economic assumption that people are motivated entirely by self-interest. Recent papers have also explored how organizations, communities, and nations could be better governed in light of the fact that altruistic and ethical motives are common in most populations. Bowles is now engaged in theoretical and empirical studies of political hierarchy and wealth inequality and their evolution over the very long run. He has written several books and authored numerous publications in scholarly journals. His most recent book is The Moral Economy: Why Good Incentives Are No Substitute for Good Citizens (Yale University Press, 2016). Bowles works with Carlin on the Curriculum Open-access Resources for Economics (CORE) project, and has also served as an economic advisor to the governments of Cuba, South Africa and Greece, U.S presidential candidates Robert F. Kennedy and Jesse Jackson, the Legislature of the State of New Mexico, the Congress of South African Trade Unions, the Pontifical Academy of Science (Rome), and South African President Nelson Mandela.
Wendy Carlin is Professor of Economics at University College London (UCL) and Research Fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR). She is leading an international project — the CORE project —to reform the undergraduate economics curriculum. She has published widely on macroeconomics, institutions and economic performance, and the economics of transition. She has co-authored with David Soskice three macroeconomics books; the most recent is Macroeconomics: Institutions, Instability and the Financial System (Oxford University Press, 2015). She is a member of the Expert Advisory Panel of the UK's Office for Budget Responsibility. In 2015, she was awarded a CBE for services to economics and public finance.
Listen to the pre-show discussion with Sam Bowels, Wendy Carlin, and Mary-Charlotte Domandi on the Santa Fe New Mexican's Radio Cafe podcast (July 16, 2018)